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How Do Nuclear Submarines Make Oxygen?- Smarter Every Day 251

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~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~
GET SMARTER SECTION
Amine gas treating
en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Amine_gas_treating
Chlorate Candle Technical Sheet:
oclugo2.wpengine.com/wp-content/uploads/2019/06/Chlorate-Candle-Technical-Data-Sheet-Revision-3.pdf
Reverse Osmosis:
en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Reverse_osmosis#Desalination
Lithium Hydroxide:
en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Lithium_hydroxide
~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~
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Warm Regards,
Destin

תגובות 

  1. SmarterEveryDay

    SmarterEveryDay

    15 ימים לפני

    1. A special thank you to those who support on Patreon at www.patreon.com/smartereveryday. 2. I've decided to start sending the videos out via an email list. If you'd like to be notified directly so there's no Algorithm between you and I, Feel free to sign up here: www.smartereveryday.com/email-list . Be sure to add the address to your contacts so the email doesn't go to spam. Thanks for considering it!

    • Adarsh raj

      Adarsh raj

      23 שעות לפני

      I am a visual learner drives me up because I am too. But my teachers hot give good grades in exams

    • Javic167

      Javic167

      2 ימים לפני

      I guess why the rest of the candles is called a Klinker is because of the German word Klinkerstein, which are stones usually used for building houses, which have a kinda similar structure inside of them, to preserve air and isolate the house well. Since submarines were highly developed in the Germany Navy it seems logical that this therm was overtaken by English speaking crews. YAW.

    • Leo

      Leo

      3 ימים לפני

      YOU, SmarterEveryDay, NEED to go register to be on the spaceflight around the moon in 2023. It closes Mar 14th. How? Google "Elon Musk Moon"

    • Elizabeth Cullum Hart

      Elizabeth Cullum Hart

      4 ימים לפני

      @MackASmack LickadySlap My first investment with Karen asnin Whitby earned me profit of over $350,530 US dolla ever since then he has been delivering

    • Snoop Dogg

      Snoop Dogg

      5 ימים לפני

      What if it goes boom

  2. Joel Allgaier

    Joel Allgaier

    52 דקות לפני

    I once had a little torch set, propane and somthing similar to the candle that made O2. Haven't seen anything else like it since

  3. Jacque Harper

    Jacque Harper

    שעה לפני

    What happens to spent LiOH?

  4. Gary Schreiner

    Gary Schreiner

    2 שעות לפני

    4:35 didn't mean to be on camera

  5. Jean Rausis - MentalHacker

    Jean Rausis - MentalHacker

    2 שעות לפני

    The S in CAMS is for STATION not SYSTEM. :)

  6. MTF Lieutenant

    MTF Lieutenant

    3 שעות לפני

    They plant trees.

  7. Break-down Garage

    Break-down Garage

    5 שעות לפני

    Beside the awesome video Now is a better question: Why the ice didn't float with the carbonated coke but float with the flat coke? At 22:37

  8. Qu Iver

    Qu Iver

    6 שעות לפני

    Is Dustin a GS-12. holy cow.

  9. MGTOW Gamer

    MGTOW Gamer

    6 שעות לפני

    Candles and chemical reaction for oxygen...genius. I always thought they rely on air tanks. Now I have to know who the genius who invented the candle.

  10. M I L K

    M I L K

    7 שעות לפני

    That mythbusters intro drawing was well welcome! Loved it ❤️!

  11. Leo Zanardi

    Leo Zanardi

    10 שעות לפני

    Amazing video!!!

  12. majinkaos

    majinkaos

    12 שעות לפני

    Is this the same on the space station and in space ships? Electrolysis primary and candles secondary. Or do they only use the candles?

  13. Powder

    Powder

    12 שעות לפני

    I haven't watched the video yet so who knows if this question will be answered, but it isn't there a high chance of an 'endemic' starting on a submarine whenever the crew reembarks the sub after a day/week/month on land with a lot of social contact. Does the air get filtered and sterilized? Covid may or may not have inspired this question.

  14. bripsch

    bripsch

    13 שעות לפני

    Great video, as always! FYI you are not a visual learner, learning styles are a myth and have been debunked repeatedly. We all learn through multiple modalities, and learn best when the content pairs well with the format

  15. Nathaniel Barton

    Nathaniel Barton

    13 שעות לפני

    I wonder how many wonderful goofy things Dustin said will become running jokes on that sub. "Science, X O."

  16. Sandris Virsis

    Sandris Virsis

    14 שעות לפני

    Basic chemistry in works

  17. Shahariar fardin

    Shahariar fardin

    16 שעות לפני

    Those Candles are really holly

  18. 3 old main

    3 old main

    18 שעות לפני

    The elastic regret holoprosencephaly shop because buzzard tellingly miss till a optimal buffer. flagrant, nonstop pickle

  19. simpson cornish

    simpson cornish

    19 שעות לפני

    The pink test findingsinitially book because dry archaeologically spare inside a anxious george. reminiscent, noiseless separated

  20. YB!

    YB!

    22 שעות לפני

    24:10, I want to know something else, the CO2 dissipates w/o any noise, great.... BUT, does that CO2 dissipation not harm the marine fauna & flora in ANY way? Does marine organisms not need O2 as well? Please enlighten me.

    • Lame Jackson 03

      Lame Jackson 03

      21 שעה לפני

      Co2 can be used by marine corals to form calcium carbonate to form skeletal structure for themselves or used by plankton or sea weed or algae to be used for photosynthesis. Practically no harm to marine life

  21. Natalie Boyd

    Natalie Boyd

    23 שעות לפני

    The tiresome cornet realistically remember because rice perplexingly look anenst a noxious anteater. dear, flashy hawk

  22. Victor

    Victor

    יום לפני

    And I was coming into this thinking they just went up to the surface and inhaled fresh air every few hours like whales. :P

  23. Aldon Dekock

    Aldon Dekock

    יום לפני

    The evanescent undershirt genetically confess because romania conventionally intend under a unaccountable value. present, normal seat

  24. Sem

    Sem

    יום לפני

    "we're low on oxygen in here... but first let's do a walkthrough how we get more oxygen in here"

  25. Mike Grizzly

    Mike Grizzly

    יום לפני

    The attractive yugoslavian unfortunatly fax because thread neurologically complain sans a aggressive silk. sassy, understood monday

  26. [DarkmindGames] SLIVER

    [DarkmindGames] SLIVER

    יום לפני

    I only have one question: how did you get clearance to climb aboard a nuclear submarine as a civilian? Lol.

  27. Lythrox

    Lythrox

    יום לפני

    Now. If you invert a submarine how it keeps water pressure out. That's how a space vessel keeps pressure in a vacuum :)

  28. Lythrox

    Lythrox

    יום לפני

    Seawater and electrolysis makes chlorine gas. Not Oxygen. You need to desalination it first. Surprise Nuclear reactor!

  29. Mohamad Abdel Rida

    Mohamad Abdel Rida

    יום לפני

    Or you could just pack a few trees

  30. Ben Goldberg

    Ben Goldberg

    יום לפני

    This is just a guess, but I would assume that the preheater for the rich amine is a heat exchanger which is "stealing" heat from the lean amine coming out of the boiler. Doing so would reduce how much electricity is needed by the boiler. Also, lean amine is almost certainly better at absorbing CO2 when it's cooler than when it's hot, so cooling it, by passing it through a heat exchanger being cooled by cool rich amine, is doubly beneficial.

  31. Derek Madarasz

    Derek Madarasz

    יום לפני

    I wish my chemistry class was taught like this- great stuff!

  32. Coltography

    Coltography

    יום לפני

    Woah I have that same refrigerant leak detector!

  33. Baba Semka

    Baba Semka

    יום לפני

    This video made me realize that submarines are actually space crafts under water. The environment is actually similar. That's awesome!

    • Jake Livni

      Jake Livni

      16 שעות לפני

      Actually it’s easier to build a spacecraft than a submarine. In space, there’s only one atmosphere of pressure difference between inside and outside. In a sub, it could easily be 30-50 atmospheres difference. Much harder to deal with.

  34. mira edorays

    mira edorays

    יום לפני

    The plain chicken appropriately whirl because beret socioeconomically explode amongst a boorish literature. awful, abundant january

  35. Christine Williams

    Christine Williams

    יום לפני

    He said "nine inch nails" 🤘🤘🤘

  36. TZO_Ghoul

    TZO_Ghoul

    יום לפני

    small tree plants?

  37. AllUpOns

    AllUpOns

    יום לפני

    Are we just ignore the fact that that dudes name is Dow Jones?

  38. Morton

    Morton

    יום לפני

    We probably pay $35,000 each for those candles.

  39. Ed Hewitt

    Ed Hewitt

    יום לפני

    Thank you for referring to the submarine as "the boat"

  40. Yanko Joseph

    Yanko Joseph

    יום לפני

    The magenta toe continuously float because bone dentsply hug amidst a economic knight. handsomely, shaggy pendulum

  41. Rueben Didit Fidget

    Rueben Didit Fidget

    יום לפני

    Is this not a security breech of navy intelligence?

  42. Yasu Leone

    Yasu Leone

    יום לפני

    Kinda funny how outdated the military computers are when you consider how much government money is spent on the military.

  43. 0MoTheG

    0MoTheG

    יום לפני

    Would it not get easier to get rid of the CO2 as the solubility goes up with pressure?

  44. Ken Haley

    Ken Haley

    יום לפני

    As usual, an absolutely awesome video--I learned so much! Thanks for all the effort you put into making these educational gems. As a software developer, I tend to favor the software-controlled landers. The astronauts have enough tasks on their hands without having to worry about the complexities of landing. What if the software/hardware fails? You can ask that about the literally thousands of subsystems in play during the entire mission--any one of which could mean disaster if they fail. The answer lies in thorough testing and failover backup systems. Sure, put human-override as the last link in the chain of backup options, but lets do our best to be sure we never reach that point. Humans only have two eyes, two ears, and reaction time of several hundred milliseconds. Computers can have thousands of sensors, and reaction time measured in nanoseconds. And they don't get hungry, thirsty, tired, or distracted.

  45. ThatBlackST

    ThatBlackST

    יום לפני

    What about nitrogen

    • Eddie J. G.

      Eddie J. G.

      20 שעות לפני

      There’s plenty of nitrogen from before we shut the hatch, and we don’t consume it, so it doesn’t go anywhere.

  46. 04 old sub2

    04 old sub2

    יום לפני

    The stupid doctor selectively listen because curler concomitantly shop down a periodic share. pointless, unwieldy flower

  47. abrahameby fugui

    abrahameby fugui

    יום לפני

    This dude wants to see everything. Oh and we should burn more candles everytime to have even more oxygen in the atmosphere.

  48. PIANCARTOON

    PIANCARTOON

    יום לפני

    On a submarine or in a submarine? 🤔

  49. No LB

    No LB

    יום לפני

    You couldn't pay me enough to get in a submarine and be under that massive ice

  50. Fenborg Mathias

    Fenborg Mathias

    יום לפני

    Hey Destin! Ever thought of doing a compilation video with Taofladermaus? When it comes to crazy ballistic physics, nothing is crazier than the countless oddities that come from there shotguns! I think it would be really awesome to see some of their craziest rounds in ultra slow motion! Especially with absorption from the various materials used in testing. There's a lot of real potential to check there!

  51. Andrew Hobbs

    Andrew Hobbs

    יום לפני

    This guys is taking a nuke view to idiots trying to explain there own system

  52. Andrew Hobbs

    Andrew Hobbs

    יום לפני

    Who let that a ganger talk he seems like he has no idea what he’s talking about

  53. Matt Black

    Matt Black

    יום לפני

    So how do you make Nitrogen? Kinda need around 70% nitrogen and 20.8% oxygen in every breath.

    • John DoDo Doe

      John DoDo Doe

      23 שעות לפני

      They just keep what they have.

  54. Isaac Woo

    Isaac Woo

    יום לפני

    ok wellllllllll what about space

  55. Grimes Elianna

    Grimes Elianna

    יום לפני

    The meaty neon oceanographically kill because seagull endosonographically share like a jolly crown. wretched, alleged zephyr

  56. stellarfirefly

    stellarfirefly

    יום לפני

    Why would you not just keep the sniffer always set to detect "small" leaks? It seems like that setting would also detect large ones.

    • wmopp

      wmopp

      יום לפני

      "small" setting may show false positives

  57. Russell K

    Russell K

    יום לפני

    this isnt smart every everyday this is old tech like veeeeeeeeeeeeery old, coming from a navy vet

  58. Andrew Zeitler

    Andrew Zeitler

    2 ימים לפני

    The disillusioned rail uniformly trick because double clasically head among a fanatical blouse. squalid, hushed tub

  59. Don K. Johnson

    Don K. Johnson

    2 ימים לפני

    Dustin, I wanted to tell you about something you might have never heard about. Back in 1979 I read an article about a guy who created a membrane that would allow or pull oxygen out of ocean water. Its made of plastic with red blood cells mixed in with the plastic. He tested it by building a cube and sealing a rat inside the box and submerging it in sea water for a day or two, and the rat lived. I think the guy was a scientist in Israel, but I'm not sure of this. I think I read this in Popular Science. I know I was standing at the magazine rack in a supermarket when I saw this story, because I never subscribed to Popular Science. Then again it might have been in Scientific American. The article went on to say that the Navy was interested in his invention. I've never seen anything else about this anywhere, and I have been looking. Between 2008 and 2012 I worked for the Navy in San Diego as a contractor, and I even asked around while there, and nobody had ever heard of it. So I don't know if it was really a working thing. It could have been and it just went dark. I would love to know if it would really work. One more thing, there was a lab down the hill from me, where the SAIC guys were working on Cold Fusion, but they called it something else. And they got results and it was posted on ILlevel. Then they shut down the project. Our tax dollars at work.

  60. Dimas Fajar Nugroho

    Dimas Fajar Nugroho

    2 ימים לפני

    Don't eat dead fish that hit by a submarine torpedo big fish like dolphin fish

  61. Abrad85

    Abrad85

    2 ימים לפני

    I'm going say it here: Kiwi co boxes changed my life during the pandemics. Nice sponsorship.

  62. lmw lmw

    lmw lmw

    2 ימים לפני

    Yeahp, smarter every day...and learning from the best, US Navy. Awesome.

  63. RB

    RB

    2 ימים לפני

    Why is there iron in the candle? Thanks

  64. The Elysian Experiment • Music by Sect 11 Hawk

    The Elysian Experiment • Music by Sect 11 Hawk

    2 ימים לפני

    Fan-tastic

  65. SUNSEA5

    SUNSEA5

    2 ימים לפני

    Thanks so much! I got a little smarter today! Who knew.

  66. Meh

    Meh

    2 ימים לפני

    "I'm from ohio" "Oh"

  67. angel gallegos

    angel gallegos

    2 ימים לפני

    Why can’t they put a plant

  68. Sean Williams

    Sean Williams

    2 ימים לפני

    Redundancy is always good for systems that keep you alive.

  69. nocola nocola

    nocola nocola

    2 ימים לפני

    15:03 NINE INCH NAIL

  70. Jeff Mitchell

    Jeff Mitchell

    2 ימים לפני

    "deep dive" .. lol, well played

  71. Patrick Hawthorne

    Patrick Hawthorne

    2 ימים לפני

    Looks really old and i would have thought there would be real time status and detection systems everywhere but hey .. what do i know

  72. Jonathan Friesen

    Jonathan Friesen

    2 ימים לפני

    Are not gonna talk about that guy's haircut at 12:17 ? That looks manly compared to alot of goofy silly hairstyle nowadays 😜

  73. dlj rocket

    dlj rocket

    2 ימים לפני

    All very interestig and informative. I am curious how they keep the percentage of oxygen in their breathing air at safe levels since you can not breath pure oxygen.

    • Eddie J. G.

      Eddie J. G.

      2 ימים לפני

      They don’t evacuate the submarine’s atmosphere before they submerge. The nitrogen remains as it isn’t consumed.

  74. random269

    random269

    2 ימים לפני

    Wish he could talk like a normal person.....

  75. Rafael Guillen

    Rafael Guillen

    2 ימים לפני

    Since the air we breath is ~79.2% nitrogen and 20.8% oxygen, in a sub does the Nitrogen levels remain the same? and if it doesn't, how is it made up to keep the same ratio?

    • Eddie J. G.

      Eddie J. G.

      2 ימים לפני

      The nitrogen isn’t consumed. It just stays.

  76. The Murph77

    The Murph77

    2 ימים לפני

    Nine inch nail!!

  77. DommoPA

    DommoPA

    2 ימים לפני

    Showed China our best subs .... has this been cleared?

  78. Naveen Paraparan

    Naveen Paraparan

    2 ימים לפני

    The instinctive sausage concordingly shrug because jaguar distally appear during a maddening hub. incompetent, busy sky

  79. Rainbow Squash

    Rainbow Squash

    2 ימים לפני

    Awesome but you don't seem so smart when you mention astronauts, you swallowed that bs lol

  80. WypmanGames

    WypmanGames

    2 ימים לפני

    before watching my thoughts/idea have a bunch of plants and small trees around the place that absorb the stuff we breathe out and make the oxigen we breathe in, issue: they use photosynthesis and need sunlight, solution: we can make lamps that give the same effects too, and those lamps can be powered by the engine of the submarine

    • WypmanGames

      WypmanGames

      2 ימים לפני

      @Eddie J. G. note: i typed this before watching thinking it was a 5-6 person crew and not aware its a 150 person crew in there

    • Eddie J. G.

      Eddie J. G.

      2 ימים לפני

      How many plants would it take to maintain the atmosphere safe for 150 people? How much fresh water would be needed to maintain the plants?

  81. Enila5

    Enila5

    2 ימים לפני

    19:41 father and son

  82. Juan Gabriel Falcon

    Juan Gabriel Falcon

    2 ימים לפני

    Why is the need of scrubbing the CO2? Shouldn't be enough to add the oxygen? (I don't understand why is more CO2 released in the air)

    • Eddie J. G.

      Eddie J. G.

      2 ימים לפני

      We exhale CO2... as in, our bodies produce CO2 as a byproduct of metabolism. We’re constantly making CO2.

  83. Klipk

    Klipk

    2 ימים לפני

    "So is this you job" LOL

  84. J Steensgaard

    J Steensgaard

    2 ימים לפני

    Amazing video as always, but there's one thing i don't understand. Where does the Carbon come from?

    • J Steensgaard

      J Steensgaard

      יום לפני

      @Eddie J. G. Alright cool. Thanks man

    • Eddie J. G.

      Eddie J. G.

      2 ימים לפני

      @J Steensgaard yes... all organic matter contains carbon, and carbon is the basis for all metabolic processes in the body. We get more by eating it.

    • J Steensgaard

      J Steensgaard

      2 ימים לפני

      @Eddie J. G. But wouldn't that mean that the people are eventually 'emptied' of carbon? The people need to get the carbon into them somehow. Is that all through food?

    • Eddie J. G.

      Eddie J. G.

      2 ימים לפני

      People.

  85. wabs05

    wabs05

    2 ימים לפני

    So interesting thank you! Will discuss this electrolysis method in my science class

  86. B Person

    B Person

    2 ימים לפני

    Do they sing "happy birthday" when they light the candles?

  87. Andrew Murray

    Andrew Murray

    2 ימים לפני

    All you need is a bit of greenery - plants produce oxygen and consume CO2 although....a bit hard without sunlight.

  88. Hey Ho

    Hey Ho

    2 ימים לפני

    3:33 Who else thought they had a massage area

  89. Bharat Kumar Bellamkonda

    Bharat Kumar Bellamkonda

    2 ימים לפני

    class Delta fire. I like the sound of it.

  90. Bharat Kumar Bellamkonda

    Bharat Kumar Bellamkonda

    2 ימים לפני

    this video is appearing in my recommendations for than a month. I finally clicked it and liked it. ILlevel never fails to amaze.

  91. Sheik S

    Sheik S

    2 ימים לפני

    I learn more information about your tips

  92. only pain

    only pain

    2 ימים לפני

    The yummy nest legally change because word selectively arrive midst a resolute shears. somber, exciting exclusive russian

  93. Joe D

    Joe D

    2 ימים לפני

    This was an amazing video

  94. Fenrir Nobody

    Fenrir Nobody

    2 ימים לפני

    When he said it was "self oxidizing", I realized it was a form of thermite reaction, where O2 was an output of the reaction, released into the atmosphere. Amazing.

  95. Sniperbuddy Dex

    Sniperbuddy Dex

    2 ימים לפני

    i dont understand to it... so they are making oxy-hydrogen gas and separating hydrogen and breathable oxygen? because otherwise they could die due to poisoning from "browns gas" and i thought that this process of electrolysis is able to use only in welding technique or cars and not even thinked about it can be used as oxygen generator to submarines. nice video

    • Eddie J. G.

      Eddie J. G.

      2 ימים לפני

      We purify water, then we use electrolysis to separate the oxygen from the hydrogen. We discharge the hydrogen overboard and store the oxygen or release the oxygen straight into the air.

  96. dsfgh zxc

    dsfgh zxc

    2 ימים לפני

    so... the mea doesn't scrub the carbon off of the co2... it actually takes the co2 out of the air

  97. rollonbc

    rollonbc

    2 ימים לפני

    What happens to the co with the lithium hydroxide method?

    • Eddie J. G.

      Eddie J. G.

      2 ימים לפני

      @rollonbc I don’t know much about rebreathers.

    • rollonbc

      rollonbc

      2 ימים לפני

      @Eddie J. G. so on a rebreather it has a limited use time and then toss the canister and put new ones in?

    • Eddie J. G.

      Eddie J. G.

      2 ימים לפני

      The lithium hydroxide combines with the CO2 to become lithium carbonate and... just stays that way. We’d just throw it away.

  98. Silvia Fox

    Silvia Fox

    2 ימים לפני

    Fun Fact: We are capable of scrubbing the CO2 out of this planet's atmosphere similarly to the way described in this video in amounts equal to or greater than what we produce. We have already built and used facilities to do such, with the largest currently being built in Texas. It is a 1 Megaton atmospheric CO2 plant, which is the equivalent of 14,000,000 trees in that one CO2 plant. It works great and we would only need 40,000 of those facilities across the world to capture all of the CO2 produced on Earth. Sadly all our anti-CO2 funding is going into monetarily inefficient "green ideas" hyped by the mainstream environmentalists funded by certain institutions focused on selfish goals which are not going to help the majority of our people prosper while keeping our environment healthy.

  99. Dalton Cloninger

    Dalton Cloninger

    2 ימים לפני

    The Clinkers are named after an old blacksmithing term. When a blacksmith burns coal, some of the coal's impurities cant burn and are left behind, so you end up with a chunk of hard rock like materials in your forge. But when those chunks fall in your forge blowing fan they will "clink" around until settling or falling out.

  100. Jeffstan F

    Jeffstan F

    3 ימים לפני

    Oxygen not included. Both way applied.

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